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A comprehensive guide for Certificate of Origin. Learn everything about this essential document for exporters, including eligibility, application, and benefits.

All you Need to Know About DGFT Certificate of Origin

In the multifaceted world of international trade, navigating the requirements and regulations is essential for exporters. Certificate of Origin, issued by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), is one such document.

Often abbreviated as COO DGFT, holds the key to unlocking various trade benefits and preferential tariffs. Understanding its significance, intricacies, and application procedures is crucial for exporters looking to expand their global footprint and streamline cross-border transactions. 

Here is a comprehensive guide, where we’ll go through all aspects of the DGFT Certificate of Origin, providing valuable insights and actionable information for exporters aiming to effectively tackle the complexities of international trade.

What is a Certificate of Origin?

The Certificate of Origin, issued by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), commonly known as COO DGFT, serves as a fundamental credential for exporters. This document validates the origin of exported goods and is indispensable for smooth international trade operations.

Customs authorities in importing nations often require the Certificate of Origin (COO), DGFT to ascertain the qualification of goods for preferential tariffs and trade benefits. It contains detailed information about the product, destination, and country of export, facilitating seamless cross-border transactions.

Types of Certificates of Origin

There isn’t a universally standardised form for the Certificate of Origin (COO) in global trade. However, typically, the exporter prepares a Certificate of Origin (COO) containing essential information regarding the exported product, exporter, importer, applicable tariff, and country of origin. 

The exporter, being well-versed in the specific cross-border requirements of the importing nation, diligently documents these details. 

Subsequently, the exporter completes the COO formalities through a notary at a chamber of commerce and includes the Certificate of Origin form with the shipment. The specifics of the requirements vary depending on the nature of the goods being exported and their destination.

There are two types of DGFT Certificate of Origin, i.e., Preferential Certificate of Origin, and Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin.

Preferential DGFT Certificate of Origin

It determines that there is a free trade agreement (FTA) or reduced tariffs between the exporter and importing country.

Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin/ Ordinary DGFT Certificate of Origin

Non-preferential Certificates of Origin (COO), commonly referred to as “ordinary COO,” signify that the goods do not meet the criteria for reduced tariffs or tariff-free treatment as outlined in bilateral or multilateral trade agreements between nations. 

When there’s no existing trade agreement between the exporting country and the importing country, or if a specific product is not eligible for tariff relief, an ordinary Certificate of Origin becomes necessary. 

Similarly, products excluded from tariff relief must be documented under the Non-Preferential or Ordinary DGFT COO.

Registration Process for Certificate of Origin DGFT

Here is the procedure for obtaining a Certificate of Origin DGFT:

Step 1: Assess Eligibility

Begin by ensuring that your products meet the eligibility criteria for a COO DGFT under the applicable trade agreement or preferential trade scheme.

Step 2: Online Application

Access the DGFT portal and complete the registration process for the Certificate of Origin DGFT. Provide relevant details regarding your business, the goods being exported, and their origin.

Step 3: Documentation Submission

Attach all necessary supporting documentation, such as invoices, bills of lading, and any additional papers specified by DGFT.

Step 4: Verification Process

DGFT will thoroughly review your application and accompanying documents. This review may also involve scrutiny by customs authorities.

Step 5: Certificate of Origin DGFT Issuance

After approval of your application, DGFT will electronically issue the COO DGFT. You can then download and print the certificate to submit to customs authorities as required.

The online application process for Certificate of Origin has optimised the issuance of certificates. This digital method provides exporters with convenience and efficiency, allowing them to submit, monitor, and obtain COO certificates through online channels.

Benefits of COO DGFT

Here we have mentioned some of the advantages of a Certificate of Origin for export.

Preferential Tariffs

Utilising the Certificate of Origin DGFT may enable exporters to qualify for reduced or even zero import duties in nations where India has established trade agreements.

Market Access

Some countries mandate COO as evidence of goods’ origin upon importation. Possessing this certificate facilitates entry into markets with such requirements.

Reduced Trade Barriers

COO DGFT streamlines customs clearance procedures and diminishes trade impediments, thus simplifying the export process.

Common Digital Platform for COO DGFT

The government has introduced a unified digital platform to streamline COO DGFT applications, aiming to provide exporters with a user-friendly and efficient experience.

To Sum Up

A Certificate of Origin provides information regarding the country from which an imported good originated. It is frequently required by importing nations and is incorporated into trade agreements. It serves the purpose of determining the applicable import taxes, if any.

COOs can be in either paper or digital form and must be endorsed by the appropriate chamber of commerce or customs authority. A Preferential DGFT COO signifies the presence of a free trade agreement or reduced tariffs between the exporting and importing countries.

Therefore, having a COO DGFT is essential for exporters aiming to capitalise on trade agreements and preferential tariffs. This document holds the potential to expand market reach and alleviate trade obstacles.

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